1) Sunway TaihuLight:
Sunway TaihuLight was developed by China’s National Research Center of Parallel Computer Engineering and currently located at National Supercomputing Center in Wuxi, China. The entire range of processors used in the computer was designed and manufactured in China. On LINPACK Benchmark, Sunway clocks 93 petaflops per second (which means quadrillions of calculations per second). It is almost thrice of what the former no. 1 Tianhe-2’s performance of 33.86 petaflops per second, which was also Chinese supercomputer. LINPACK Benchmark is the benchmark to solve a complex system of linear equations. Its capacity can also be increased to 125 petaflops per second, which is more than the combined speed of all the supercomputers in this list. The supercomputer is installed with 10.6 million cores and 40,960 nodes, which makes Sunway twice as fast as Tianhe-2 and three times more efficient than it. Under maximum load, the power consumption reaches to 15.37 Megawatt (on HPL benchmark). The total memory of the No.1 supercomputer is 1,310,720 GB, and it runs on Sunway SW26010 260 1.45 Ghz processor and Sunway’s Raise OS 2.0.5. The processor is mainly developed for a super-efficient floating point performance. While Sunway gives the performance of 6 gigaflops per watt, other supercomputers give one-third of it.
On the second place lies Tianhe-2, the former No. 1 in the list which is also known as Milky Way-2. Tianhe-2 was developed jointly by the National University of Defense Technology and Chinese IT firm Inspur. It gives the performance of 33.86 petaflops per second on LINPACK benchmark. It has 3,120,000 cores, with memory of 1,024,000 GB. The supercomputer has the Intel Xenon E5-2692v2 12C 2.2GHz processor and Kylin Express-2. The maximum power consumption reaches to 17,808 kW.
Titan is located at Oak Ridge National Laboratory, United States, which is managed by the US Dept. of Energy. It is a 299,008 core computer with 710,144GB of memory. Titan is installed with 16,688 AMD Opteron 6274 16 processors. It clocks the performance of 17.5 petaflops per second. Also, its maximum power consumption is 8,209 kW. The operating system on Titan is Cray Linux Environment.
Sequoia is currently installed at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, managed by Department of Energy, United States. It achieved 16.32 petaflops per seconds on LINPACK benchmark. It uses 1,572,864 cores, with Power BQC 16C 1.6GHz processor and memory of 1,572,864 GB. It peak power consumption reaches 7,890 kW with Linux operating system. The supercomputer is a joint venture of LLNL, Los Alamos National Laboratory and Sandia National Laboratories. It is used for NNSA’s Advanced Simulation and Computing program which is working towards United States’ nuclear weapons stockpile.
The K supercomputer is developed by Fujitsu, a Japanese multinational IT equipment, and services company and is located at the RIKEN Advanced Institute for Computational Science in Kobe, Japan. On LINPACK benchmark, this supercomputer gives the performance of 10,510 TFlops per second. While working on load, its maximum power consumption reaches to 12,659 kW. It has 705,024 cores with SPARC64 VIIIfx 8C 2GHz processors and Linux operating system. The supercomputer has a memory of 1,410,048 GB.
Supercomputer Mira is developed by IBM and is managed by Department of Energy of United States of America and is currently located at the Argonne National Laboratory, Lemont, United States. Its LINPACK performance is 8.5 petaflops per second with 786,432 cores. It uses Power BQC 16C 1.6 GHz processors with Linux operating system. Its maximum power consumption reaches 3,945 kW. Also, it is the first computer which was employed to simulate Large Hadron Collider Experiments.
Located at Los Alamos National Laboratory, United States, the supercomputer is managed by Department of Energy of United States of America. It is a joint venture by New Mexico Alliance for Computing at Extreme Scale between Los Alamos and Sandia National Laboratories. It is a part of National Nuclear Security Administration’s Advanced Simulation and Computing Program. It clocks 8.1 petaflops per second on LINPACK benchmark. The supercomputer runs on Xeon E5-2698v3 16C 2.3 GHz processor. The operating system used by the supercomputer is Cray Linux Environment.
8) Piz Daint:
This is Europe’s first supercomputer. It is manufactured by Cray Inc. which is an American supercomputer manufacturer with its headquarter in Seattle, Washington, US. It is currently located at Swiss National Supercomputing Center (CSCS), Lugano, Switzerland. It has 115,984 cores and gives LINPACK performance of 6.2 petaflops per second. It runs on Cray Linux Environment OS and Xeon E5-2670 8C 2.6 GHz processor. Its power consumption reaches to 2,325 kW.
9) Hazel Hen:
Supercomputer Hazel Hen is located at High-Performance Computing Center, at the University of Stuttgart, Germany. Its LINPACK performance is 5.6 petaflops per second. This supercomputer also runs on Cray Linux Environment Operating System and Xeon E5-2680v3 12C 2.5GHz processor. The supercomputer is manufactured by Cray Inc. and has 185,088 cores.
10) Shaheen II:
The 10th supercomputer in this list comes from the Middle East and is located at the King Abdullah University of Science and Technology, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. Its LINPACK performance is 5.5 petaflops per second, and maximum power consumption is 2,834 kW. The supercomputer is manufactured by Cray Inc. It runs on Cray Linux Environment operating system and Xeon E5-2698 16C 2.3 GHz processor with 196,608 cores.