When you look for jobs as a Front End Developer online, you find various skill requirements for the same designation. A Front End Developer codes websites to interact and communicate within the browser.
HTML stands for HyperText Markup Language. It is the standard language used for creating websites. It is used to describe the structural component of the web pages such as text and images. All the pages you see on the web is constructed using HTML. It is easy to learn and one of the core technologies you need to master. You can learn it in a week by sitting two hours per day.
Cascading Style Sheets (CSS) is a design language which adds style to the HTML document. CSS and HTML work together. While HTML is used to constitute the structure of a webpage by defining the headings, paragraphs and attaching images, videos and other media, CSS specifies the document style you would like to incorporate- fonts, colors and page layouts. CSS could be understood with the analogy “If HTML is the face, CSS is the face with makeup.”
Nowadays, many companies look for individuals with expertise in additional technologies for being more productive. For example, companies require you to know some frameworks which are pre-written codes by someone which you can link to your web project instead of writing your code, which saves time.
Additional skills required
Visual Studio provides IntelliSense for Bootstrap, which offers auto-completion of classes and downloads code snippet that creates complex Bootstrap structures easily. Bootstrap is only concerned with front-end development.
The popular frameworks asked in job requirements are Angular, Ember, ReactJS, Backbone, and Vue JS.
Version Control System-Git
Version Control Systems are tools that help you to keep a track of the modifications done to the source code over time. Git is the most popular version control system. It lets a developer revert to the earlier version of the code and review the changes made over time rather than manually erasing the changes done and fixing the errors.
Version control system is one of the most essential job skill requirements for a developer.
CSS is primary and limiting. For bigger and complex projects, it is required to perform the same tasks repetitively; for example: looking up at the hexadecimal color values. CSS preprocessors make the job of a developer uncomplicated and save time without having to write repetitive codes. Code written using the preprocessing language is converted to CSS to apply it on the webpage. It processes and formats your code before publishing it to the webpage.
Preprocessors help in writing reusable and maintainable codes. They have separate syntax but with similarities to the CSS syntax. SASS, LESS, and Stylus are the popular preprocessors which are in demand in job requirements.
In the present days, people use different devices such as laptops, smartphones, and tablets to browse the internet. You would have noticed that the web pages adjust the looks according to the screen sizes. Responsive design enables to change the webpage layout, content and functionality to adapt to all the devices. Example: A bank website would have a different style, layout, and options on a desktop when compared to that on a smartphone.
CSS frameworks like Bootstrap have an in-built responsive design, therefore if you learn one you can master responsive design principles.
Testing and Debugging
Bugs are an actuality in codes. It would be helpful to know about testing and debugging as a majority of testing job vacancies are available.
Two of the testing methods are – Unit testing and Functionality testing. Unit testing is the process in which each segment of the code is tested to ensure that the desired functions of the webpage are possible when the code runs.
Functionality testing is the process of testing the functionality of your webpage and ensure that it does all the functions it was coded to do.
There are several testing and debugging tools to aid the process. Popular tools are Chrome Dev, Redux Dev, Mocha, and Jest.
Mastery in testing and debugging would help you to get a front end tester job rather than a developer, but it involves testing and correcting the code given by a developer.
Browser Developer Tools
Knowing the core skills and some of the extra skills mentioned above will help you to have a successful career or get a job in front-end development domain. You need to be acquainted with the current trending skills to find an accurate job for yourself.