Nowadays, computers are a key part of our lives, and most things depend upon the computer and information technology, and programming languages are an essential part of computers. Just like people need languages to communicate with each other, developers or programmers also require languages to communicate with computers. So, programming languages are known as the languages of computers, which are used by developers as a mode of communication to instruct computers to perform some specific tasks.
Programming languages are used to develop websites, mobile applications, software, desktop applications, etc. You can also learn any programming languages to give your career different heights as they are in demand these days. Here we are with the top 10 programming languages.
There are hundreds of programming languages, but Python is one of the most famous and main coding languages. It is easy to learn and is beginner-friendly. Python is also the most preferred programming language in Data Analytics, Machine Learning, Data Science, Artificial Intelligence, etc. Python is the first choice of most famous companies like Facebook, Google, Spotify, Netflix, and many more. It also has excellent applications in developing 2D imaging, 3D animations, and creating many popular video games.
C++ is a standard and high-performance programming language. It is the most liked programming language, which efficiently runs on platforms like Windows, Mac, Linux, Unix, etc. It is widely used in game development, software development, robotics, etc. C++ is the core part of numerous browsers like Google Chrome, Mozilla, and Firefox have been written using C++. It is best for students and working professionals who want to become great Software Engineers.
Java is a high-level, object-oriented, secure, and one of the most trending programming languages. Java is a complex language to learn in comparison with others, but it has a great scope as experienced developers with good coding skills of Java are in very high demand. Used in many popular webs and apps, such as Google, Twitter, YouTube, and Amazon. Another vital, factor that has kept Java best among web development companies and other programming languages is its independence from platforms. Java has a feature that helps developers to “write once, work anywhere” (WORA).
C# (pronounced as “See Sharp”) was developed by a very well-known company, “Microsoft”. It belongs to the C family of languages; it’s like having a root there. C# empowers programmers to create different types of secure and robust applications that run in .NET. As it belongs to C programming languages, it is essential that before learning C# you must have a basic knowledge of C programming Languages.
SQL is a Structured Query Language. SQL is used to perform operations on those records which are stored in the database. Those operations include inserting records, deleting records, modifying and creating database tables, views, etc. With SQL, you can easily access numerous records with just one command without specifying how to reach a particular record. e.g., with or without an index.
Kotlin is a safe and statically typed programming language. Kotlin is mainly used for Android applications, desktop applications, web applications, and server-side application development. It is one of the most widely used programming languages on Android and estimation is that 70 percent of the top 1000 apps on the Play Store are written with Kotlin language. Even Google has its 60 applications written in Kotlin, including Google Maps and Google Drive. Many famous companies like Pinterest, Coursera, Postmates, and many more, use Kotlin as their programming language.
R programming language is for statistical computing and graphics. It is mainly used for data analysis. R language supports the cross-platform operation. R is readily available on widely used platforms like Windows, macOS, and Linux. Large companies like Google, Amazon, Flipkart, LinkedIn, Uber, etc., also use R language.
Hypertext Processor abbreviated as PHP. It is an open-source scripting language. It can be easily embedded with HTML to develop a dynamic website and the functionality of web pages. Even you can write HTML codes in a PHP script also. The most popular websites, such as Yahoo, Wikipedia, and, Facebook were developed with PHP.
Swift is general-purpose, easy to learn, and a secure programming language developed by Apple Inc. for Linux, Mac, and other Apple applications. It requires lesser coding skills in comparison with other programming languages. The creators claim that software created by swift runs at a much faster rate than others. Swift is the perfect and highly efficient language for developing applications for iPhones, iPads, and macOS.