Changes in the earth’s environmental conditions are known as climate change. This is because of several internal and external factors. In recent decades, climate change has become a worldwide concern. Furthermore, these climatic changes have a wide range of effects on Earth’s life. Climate change is having a wide-ranging impact on the ecosystem and ecology. As a result of these changes, many plant and animal species have become extinct. As a result, we must examine the situation from every angle and devise solutions.
1. Direct Air Capture Technology
As from the beginning of the industrial revolution, the levels of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere have increased. Trees are a natural carbon sequestration method, but the problem is so urgent that any assistance from climate technology will be greatly appreciated. Direct air capture (DAC) technology can help in this situation. Massive vacuum cleaners are used to remove CO2 from the atmosphere and bury it underground. In some cases, the captured gas is also redistributed to specialised businesses, such as those that produce agricultural fertiliser or carbonated beverages.
2. Circular Economy
The circular economy concept has paved the way for businesses and governments to optimize resource use. IoT, AI, Blockchain, Big Data, and geospatial technologies all play important roles in enabling the circular economy by connecting suppliers and partners, monitoring product life cycles, and calculating the environmental impact of products. Topolytics created a waste flow tracking app in the UK that is now available for use in other countries.
Despite its simplicity, interactive maps help to emphasise the significance of climate change. The science behind it makes more sense if people can use maps to see how large the world is and how different areas are affected by sea level rise and a warming climate. The US Geological Survey announced last month the launch of a $13 million 3D Elevation Program to develop advanced mapping to improve flood maps and determine the best locations for solar and wind farms.
4. Smart Hives Network To Conserve Bees
Bees are necessary for a stable and healthy food supply. Bees perfectly pollinate plants, assisting them in growth, reproduction, and food production. However, their population is dwindling. By protecting bees and other pollinators, we can address global food supply and poverty issues while preventing further biodiversity loss and environmental degradation. Oracle and The World Bee Project set out to accomplish exactly that. To better preserve honeybee populations, the World Hive Network collects data on their decline using cloud technology, artificial intelligence (AI), and smart sensors.
5. Transparent And Engaging Tree Planting
Technology connects environmentally conscious consumers and businesses to tree-planting organisations in areas where reforestation is desperately needed. EcoMatcher makes tree planting more accessible, engaging, and profitable by utilising various technologies. The TreeTracker, for example, is an EcoMatcher web application that allows tree owners to visit the location of their tree using satellite maps. TreeChain uses the EROSIONTM blockchain protocol to store trees, the leading open-source blockchain platform that enables transaction transparency. It is also carbon-neutral because its small footprint is offset by more tree planting.
6. Feeding Cows Seaweed
Cows are a major source of methane pollution. Methane is another significant greenhouse gas, with emissions reaching record levels due to cattle farming. Because cows digest food by fermenting it in their stomachs, the sugars are converted into simpler molecules that can be absorbed by the body; this methane primarily comes from burping cattle. Seaweed feeding to cows could help reduce methane emissions. Scientists have discovered that adding red seaweed that grows in the tropics to cattle feed can reduce methane emissions by 80% in cows.
Hackathons are powerful tools that are gaining popularity. Companies, organisation’s, and governments are all using events to spark new ideas. Crowdsourcing for environmental solutions is spawning a new wave of environmentalism by bringing together journalists, scientists, technologists, and others interested in sustainability. The White House has begun to host its green hackathons.
8. Laser Land Levelling
Another fantastic innovation that assists in the fight against climate change. GreenSeeker is also employing a technology known as laser land leveling, in which laser-controlled devices mounted on tractors assist farmers in leveling the land into a flat surface. This allows them to save 25-30% of their irrigation water during cultivation.
With all of the potential problems and fluctuations in the environment caused by global warming, there will be an increase in the demand for accurate environmental data, particularly from sensors. Whether these are in the ocean, the atmosphere, the soil, flood zones, or arid drought-stricken lands, organisations, governments, and businesses will want to track the changes to develop solutions to the problem.
10. Broad-Spectrum Solar
According to analyst Lazard, the cost of solar energy has dropped by nearly 90% over the last decade. Still the efficiency of solar panels remains remarkably low, capturing only about 20% of the energy thrown at them by the Sun. There is still a lot of room for growth. Panels capturing more of the light spectrum will be “critical,” Rkke says, citing standard crystalline polysilicon panels that absorb more energy from the red part of the visible light spectrum than the green part.