Active Directory Installation with DNS and DHCP Configuration - Part 3
In this section we will cover the System configuration part required for SCCM. The configuration includes Active Directory installation, DNS and DHCP installation and configuration.
AD with DNS Installation
To make Windows 2008 server to a Domain Controller, follow these steps,
1. Click on Start > Run
2. Type dcpromo > Click OK
3. The system will checking if Active Directory Domain Services (AD DS) binaries are installed, if not then it will start installing them.
4. The Active Directory Domain Services Installation Wizard will start, enable the checkbox beside Use Advanced mode installation and Click Next (For Expert or Advanced user), or keep it unselected and click on Next
5. The Operating System Compatibility page will be displayed, which will brief about some improved security settings in Windows Server 2008. Click Next
6. Since we are creating a new DC from scratch, Choose Create a new domain in a new forest, and Click Next
7. Enter the Fully Qualified Domain Name (FQDN) of the new forest root domain inside the textbox, click Next
8. If on the first screen, you selected Use advanced mode installation on the Welcome page, the Domain NetBIOS Name page appears. On this page, type the NetBIOS name of the domain if necessary or accept the default name and then click next.
9. Select the Forest Functional Level, choose the type and click on Next.
Note: Functional levels determine the features of Active Directory Domain Services (AD DS) that are enabled in a domain or forest. If you are creating a new domain or a new forest, the levels can be chosen to highest values that the environment can support. E.g. If your environment will support both 2003 and 2008 server then you would choose Windows Server 2003 as your Forest Functional Level.
10. If we choose Windows Server 2003 as Forest functional level, and then we need to select the domain functional level in next screen. Select Windows Server 2003 and click Next,
11. In the Additional Domain Controller Options page, select to install the domain Name Service (DNS) to your server.
Note: The First domain controller in a forest must be a Global Catalog that’s why the checkbox beside Global Catalog is selected and it can’t be cleared. Also the first domain controller in a new forest or in a new domain cannot be a Read Only Domain Controller (RODC)
Select DNS Server and click next
12. If static IP is not assigned to your server you will see similar to the following screen now you need to assign static IP and start the above process.
13. The Additional Domain Controller Wizard the start configuring DNS, if the wizard cannot create a delegation for the DNS server, it displays a screen to create the delegation manually. To continue, click Yes
14. The next dialog will show to provide the location where the domain controller database, log files and SYSVOL are stored on the server.
Note: The database folder stores information about the users, computers and other objects on the network.
Log folder stores information related to AD DS, such information about an object being updated.
SYSVOL stores Group Policy objects and scripts. By default, SYSVOL is part of OS files in the Windows directory.
Accept the default settings and click next
15. In the Directory Services Restore Mode Administrator Password page, type a password and confirm password and click next.
Note: This password is used to start Domain controller in Directory Services Restore Mode.
16. AD DS installation wizard summary page will then display. Review the settings that have been done. This screen also provides option to Export Settings that can be save in an answer file and later we can do an unattended operation.
Review the summary and click next
17. DNS installations will the start.
18. This is followed by installation of Group Policy Management console.
19. DNS installation will then complete. Click Finish.
20. Click on Restart Now to restart your server for the changes to take effect.
Configure Forward Looking Zone
21. Open DNS from Administrative tools. Select the forward looking zone->right click and select New Zone
22. Click on next
23. Select Primary zone and click next
24. Select to all DNS servers in this domain and click next to continue
25. Select reverse lookup zone and click next
26. Select IPv4 zone and click next
27. Provide the network ID IP address and click next
28. Select the default option and click next
29. Click finish to complete the wizard
Installation and Configuration of DHCP Server
1. Open server manager from Start->Administrative tools->Server Manager
2. On server Manager, Click on Role, and then on right pane click on add roles
3. Click next on the Add Roles Wizard dialog
4. Select DHCP Server and click Next
5. Next screen will show some brief introduction about DHCP server. Have a look about the introduction and then Click Next
6. Enter your domain name and preferred DNS server IP address and click next
7. If WINS server is configured in your network then enter WINS details here else select first option and click Next
8. Add a DHCP server scope. To define a scope click on Add
9. On Add Scope screen, enter scope details (Scope Name, Starting IP address, Ending IP address, subnet mask, default gateway) and select check box next to Activate this scope option and click ok
Note: Client will able to get the IP address from DHCP sever only when the scope is activated.
10. Click Next on Add Roles Wizard page.
11. If IPV6 is enable for this server select Enable DHCPv6 else choose disable DHCPv6 for your DHCP server and click next
12. Select use current credentials and click next
13. Review and confirm the installation selection and click Install. If some selection are not correct then click on previous button to go back on the wizard and select the right information.
14. Installation of DHCP will then start
15. Installation will complete, click Close
Note: Sometime the system will require a reboot once DHCP installation is done. If system asks for a reboot please reboot the system to complete the installation.