Programming language lays the foundation of today’s technological world. In simple words, the programming language is the set of commands, and instructions that we give to devices. On receiving this command the machine performs a particular task. In the modern computer world, we have various programming languages on which the computer and other sites function. When the programming languages were developed, there were only a few languages, but today, we have more than five hundred languages. The history and evolution of language are pretty interesting that reflect the hard work and mysteries behind developing a language.
How Were The Languages Developed?
In the past, Charles Babbage had developed a device, or a machine. But, he doesn’t know how to use it. Then to help him, Ada Lovelace wrote instructions. From there, the development begins.
Assembly Language Developed In 1949
It is a low-level language that consists of instructions. The language was developed by Kathleen Booth. These instructions can be understood by a machine only. In the present time, this language is use in real-time programming.
Auto CAD Language Developed In 1952
Alick Glennie was the famous person who developed this language. This language was the first compiled computer programming language. Today this language includes COBOL and FORTRAN language, or we can say that COBOL and FORTRAN language referred to as AutoCAD language.
FORTRAN Language Developed In 1957
John Backus and IBM both together developed this language. At that time, it was designed explicitly for numeric computation and scientific computing. The most exciting fact is that NASA probes Voyager 1 and 2 originally written in this language.
ALGOL Language Developed In 1958
The term ALGOL represents Algorithm Language. The famous language developed by Alan J. Perlis. It was the initial phase, or foundation of most popular languages C, C++, and Java. The code blocks like “begin” that indicates that your program has started and “end” that represents ended, was first developed in this language.
COBOL Language Developed In 1959
The word COBOL represents Common Business Oriented Language, designed by CODASYL. In 1997, nearly more than 80 % of the world’s business ran on this language. It was a significant language in terms of business.
The BASIC Language Developed In 1964
Beginner All-purpose Language or BASIC language was a system-friendly language developed by John G. Kemeny and Thomas E. Kurtz. Its updated version, Visual Basic was released by Microsoft in 1991.
C Language Developed In 1972
In the present time, it is the most popular language. Dennis M. Ritchie, an American computer scientist, created this language at Bell Laboratories. In the past time, all the codes which was written in assembly language were replaced by C language, when it was designed. This language is a general-purpose language and is used in implementing operating systems, embedded systems, and many others.
Many other languages are designed one by one. Today we have system programming languages in abundance. After these languages other languages which were developed are:
SQL in 1972, created by Donald D. Chamberlin and Raymond F. Boyce
MATLAB in 1978, designed by Cleve Moler.
Objective-C, C++ in 1983, was designed by Dennis M. Ritchie.
Haskell in 1990, designed by Philip Wadler and Stephen Boltt.
Python in 1991, designed by Guido Van Rossum, and many other languages.
The history of the growth of system programming language is quite interesting. It tells us the reason behind the language development and how the languages were developed. It also tells us how to support one language, other languages were formed. The first language was, however, created in 1883 after that, many other languages were included.