Importance of IT Waste Disposal
IT waste, more technically known as electronic waste and termed as e-waste more popularly, is nothing but the remains or components of computers which we discard. It not just includes computers but any electronic paraphernalia or product which is attached with batteries or power plugs.
These become outdated due to the development of technology, alterations in status, style and fashion and completion of their shell life. Environmental agencies have reported that the informal carrying out of the recycling activities have led to severe pollution and health issues. A lot of electronic waste constitutes of contaminants like brominated flame retardants, mercury, beryllium, cadmium and lead. They say that the process undertaken by even the developed countries of the world pose risk to the workers involved in it and hence harmful exposure in such procedures should be taken care of.
IT Waste Disposal – Machines and Mechanisms Involved
The business of treating electronic waste is catching up interest and thus speeds too. This industry after being examined by the public and private sector and under governmental control has matured in the past few years. Developed nations go about reprocessing electronic waste by first breaking down equipments into smaller units such as plastics, circuit boards, power supplies, metal frames etc. This is mostly done manually and results in keeping aside the expensive materials or components which are or can be with a bit repairing transformed into workable conditions like RAM, transistors, ships etc. with a little repair.
The problem in this step of the process is that labor at the cheapest cost is available in countries with the poorest safety and health facilities. In an alternate process, a hopper forwards materials into a complex automatic separator along granulating and screening mechanisms which shred and separate plastic and metal elements. These are further sold to people who process it or plastic recycling centers. Such apparatus are enclosed and use a dust compilation system. Screens and scrubbers catch their emissions. In addition, trammel screens and eddy currents serve as non-ferrous and ferrous, plastic and glass separators. Wheel weights, ammunition and car batteries reuse glass that is leaded. This is also bought by foundries to flux unprocessed lead ore. Smelters pick out tin, silver, palladium, gold and copper for reprocessing too. Harmful gases and smoke are also treated, captured and contained to lessen the threat they pose to the environment.
The various steps involved in waste management summarize down to inspecting the constituents of the waste, the safe ways to collect it, suitable transportation means, the procedure and its final disposal either for recycling or landfill dumping. An ultimate electronic waste reprocessing plant unites dismantling for constituent recovery along with augmented cost-effective treatment of mass electronic garbage. Many electronic devices consist of a number of materials, also metals which can be re-obtained for future purposes. Through dismantling and assuring recycle possibilities, integral natural capital is preserved and atmosphere and water contamination due to perilous discarding is circumvented.
Also, reprocessing decreases the quantity of greenhouse gas released due to the development of innovative products. It’s logically sensible and is competent to reprocess and to perform our share in keeping the world healthy. It is a well thought-out and green procedural technique of managing waste and should be taken up voluntarily to keep a check on its proper management. The ecological and communal benefits of reprocessing include reduced demand for novel products, bigger quantity of clean water and power for related production; with a reduction of packaging every unit; accessibility of expertise to wider areas of society because of reduced employment of landfills and better affordability of goods.
A number of organizations like business houses, households and industries, administration offices thrust aside around 2 million superseded computers. Producers and assemblers dispose-off electronic waste of about 1200 tons within just a single year. The clearance rate of computers is once in about every 2 years. The continuous and rapid development in technology leads to altering configuration and more lucrative offers for the producers. This makes the purchase of brand new personal computers by consumers more sensible than upgrading their old ones. The absence of severe legal implications on below standard procedures of disposal, e-waste and appropriate way of managing high-tech noxious products causes most of it to drain into a landfill, incomplete recycling in unhygienic circumstances or partial disposal in garbage streams.
IT Waste Disposal in India
There are numerous sources of computer waste like private and public sector, individual households, personal computer retailers and makers, the government, second-hand market for used components of computers, embassies and the greatest one among all these are the foreign nations which push forward computer components as reusable items, completely ending their liability of disposing them off. India faces a grave threat from the repercussions of manhandling electronic waste not only itself but also from these developed nations which treat India as their dumping ground, turning it into an electronic garbage bin. The heavy use of personal computers and other electronic components in everyday life and disposing them for new latest ones has been on a rapid rise. Today’s statistics stand showing the generation of computer waste measuring around 8000 tons.
And most of it due to no methodical system of disposal ends up going to scrap dealers. E-Parisaraa, a green reprocessing unit situated on the periphery of Bangalore, in Dobaspet manufacturing district, towards northern Bangalore, employs e-waste completely. This plant which is in fact the first scientific e-garbage reprocessing unit the country has seen claims to decrease pollution, landfill garbage and recover the expensive metals, glass and plastics present in the waste by a procedure which is eco-friendly.
It has also developed a way to use tube lights more than their usual life. It extends the working condition of fluorescent lights much more than their usual 2000 hours. The tube lights can even function on lesser voltages if the technique is adopted. It aims at decreasing the amassing of worn and thrown out electrical and electronic components. India being a developing country needs less complex and cheaper technology. India also has the skill and expertise to reprocess majority of the electronic waste of which only less than a percent shall be considered as garbage which can easily be dumped in a landfill in the surrounding area of the HAWA project.