## What is binary digits and who invented it?

What is binary digits and who invented it? Why should information technology student need to learn about it?

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Posted on - 04/06/2012

What is binary digits and who invented it? Why should information technology student need to learn about it?

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The binary number system was first invented around 1679 by scientist Gottfried Leibniz.

In our decimal number system we have 10 elementary symbols, 0,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9. Binary number system has only two primary elements 0 and 1. In other words, yes and no. This system can be used in any aspect wherever decimal or other number systems are used. For example, some representations of decimal numbers in binary is shown.

Decimal Binary

0 0

1 1

2 10

3 11

4 100

5 101

6 110

7 111

8 1000

9 1001

10 1010

11 1011

Thus any number in decimal can be represented in binary.

The binary system is best utilized in digital systems as there are distinctly available two states in electronics, namely ON and OFF. We may consider 1 as ON and 0 as OFF (considering flow of current).

Information technology student will come across digital binary concepts in almost all aspects.

Thanks.

The binary number, in computer science and mathematics, is a base-2 numeral system or simply binary numeral system that is represented by two numeric values or symbols, 0 and 1. The binary system is applied internally by roughly all modern computers and or computer-based devices like the mobile phones or Smartphones because of its uncomplicated application in digital electronic circuitry by means of logic gates.

The first known account of binary numeral system was by Pingala, an Indian scholar about 5th – 2nd centuries BC, who developed mathematical ideas for describing prosody. He presents binary numbers in the form of long and short syllables. The long syllable is equivalent to two short syllables which is a lot similar to Morse code.

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