Questions about TCP/IP and how it works

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What is TCP/IP, what is its significance while connecting two computers? How to find out the IP address of a system.  How does the browser know to go to a certain IP address when you enter a domain like google.com?

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Best Answer by Nelson.Hill
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Answered By 0 points N/A #83933

Questions about TCP/IP and how it works

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TCP/IP stands for Transmission Control Protocol / Internet Protocol. TCP/IP defines how devices like computers, routers, and other electronic devices should be connected to the Internet. Moreover it defines how data should be transmitted between these devices.

You can find an IP address of your system by opening command prompt and entering IPCONFIG /ALL command in it. It will show all information about your system over network. Like IP address, MAC address, DHCP server status, Subnet Mask etc.

1)      Go to Run.

2)      Type CMD.

3)      Type IPCONFIG /ALL

And information will be shown on screen like this.

DNS server helps browser to go to a certain IP address even if we won’t enter IP address of a certain website. DNS stands for Domain Name System. A domain name is a unique name for a web site, like techyv.com. All information about the website, including an IP address, is stored on a DNS server. A DNS server is responsible for informing all other computers on the Internet about the domain name and the web site address.

Hope this helps!

Answered By 0 points N/A #83934

Questions about TCP/IP and how it works

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To find out the IP addresses of a website you can use another website. There are some websites that give your the IP addresses of the sites that you need. For example, when you type Google.com in the web browser, it will search for the address of Google.com from some places. There are some servers which hold all the names databases of the websites in the www. After searching you will get the results and then you can surf the Internet.

Actually when you type Google in the address bar or browser there is a process that runs behind.  Behind every name there is an unique IP address. Name will convert to this IP address and then it will search for the location. The servers that can do name resolution are called name servers. Normally we called them as DNS servers. In your IP settings we can assign a server to do a name resolution. When you are taking an Internet connection, your name resolution will be done by ISP's DNS servers.

To find about an IP address of a website:

  • Go to run and type cmd ;
  • Command prompt will open;
  • Then type tracert_www.websitename;

Hit enter, then in the very first it will show you a IP number inside the brackets its the IP address for the site that you have typed.  It will start to trace your path to connect to the website you mentioned.

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