Programming languages used in developing software applications
There are various programming languages that are used to develop software applications such as MS Office, gaming applications and editing software that we use to create videos and enhance photos – tasks that are easier said than done without a computer. Despite changes in the trends of information technology, new and very different programming languages are being introduced to facilitate the creation of application software. Although the languages vary depending on their levels, each has its unique characteristics, as described below.
C++ programming language
This is an object-oriented programming language that exhibits certain capabilities such as providing support for threads like memory model, atomics, variables, launching, scheduling, synchronization, as well as the termination of threads. It is a platform-independent software that enables creation codes in modular and precise form using key words.
Java programming Language
Just like C++, it is an object-oriented programming language that supports the utilization of ready-made and user made classes. This method is based on the classes having different data types and methods related to the string operations, file, database, graphics, animations and graphical user interface operations.
Visual Basic Programming Language
Unlike the two programming languages mentioned above, Visual Basic language is not an object-oriented programming language since it does not support inheritance characteristics when creating software. However, it is the easiest programming language to use and the fastest to be learned by both new and experienced users in creating an application under any operating system.
C Programming Language
This is a high level structured programming language that can be compiled in any computer – a task in which programs are broken down into code blocks and reassembled later. It is a strong language that provides software developers with a set of built-in functions and operators. The C programming language exhibits the capabilities of assembly language along with properties of creating software packages.
PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES USED IN THE CREATION OF WINDOWS OPERATING SYSTEM
This is a cross platform language that enables the creation of components that are supported by .NET framework, irrespective of the software or operating system used. It is a software platform that enables interoperability of applications written in C-sharp by referencing a DLL file in Vb.net.
This language is made up two very important components:
1. Common Language runtime
This is the execution engine of .NET and provides a suitable platform for running computer programs by providing fundamental services like memory allocation, code compilation, thread management, and garbage collection. It ensures typing safety when used in conjunction with Common Type Systems, which implements strict code access security measures.
2. Class libraries
This is another very important feature of .NET Framework which simply allows running programs to access the runtime environment as described in following figure:
Putting into respect the rules of .NET Framework defined under the Common Types Systems clause, the following programming languages are used in the development of Windows operating system.
a. Python – this is an interactive object-oriented language that supports dynamic typing, high dynamic data types, modules and exceptions.
b. Perl – a practical extraction and report language that supports various system management services apart from scanning subjective text files and deriving information from the texts.
c. Mercury – a highly optimized language that comes with advanced static analysis and error detection attributes.
Several other languages such as Microsoft Jscript, Java language, Microsoft Visual Basic, Small Talk, Standard ML, Report Program Generator, APL, and C++, among others, also carry the features and operational functions used in the creation of Windows operating systems.